Predictors of 2 Year Drinking Outcomes in a Swedish Treatment Sample.
Abstract; Background: Few studies have investigated predictors of short- and longer-term outcomes in relatively well functioning treatment samples.
Methods: Multivariate logistic regression analyses were used to identify predictors of continuous abstinence in 188 individuals during their 2nd year after private 12-step treatment in Sweden, and findings are related to a previous report on 1-year outcomes.
Results: Individual baseline characteristics were not directly related to 2nd year outcomes, while a higher 1st-year drinking severity decreased the likelihood of 2nd-year abstinence.
Satisfaction with treatment and affiliation with Alcoholics Anonymous, but not program aftercare during the 1st year increased the likelihood of 2nd-year abstinence.
Conclusion: Results are consistent with previous studies showing that shorter-term outcomes are likely to be maintained, and that baseline characteristics and treatment factors account less for outcomes over longer terms.
Predictors of 2 Year Drinking Outcomes in a Swedish Treatment Sample. Maria C. Bodin, Anders Romelsjo. European Addiction Research 2007;13:136-143